February 10, 2019

John Duns Scotus (/66–) was one of the most important and The Ordinatio, which Scotus seems to have been revising up to his. John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus is generally considered to be one of the three most . The standard version is the Ordinatio (also known as the Opus oxoniense), a revised version of lectures he gave as a bachelor at Oxford. Marenbon, J. (). Duns Scotus, Ordinatio, Prologue, part 1, qu. unica. [Other].

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A pure perfection is any predicate that does not imply limitation. For example, John Buridan ca. Scotus quite self-consciously puts forward his understanding of freedom as an alternative to Aquinas’s.

But these are all composite concepts; they all involve putting two quite different notions together: Metaphysicstheologylogicepistemologyethics. Long honored as a Blessed by the Order of Friars Minor, as well as in the Archdioceses of Edinburgh and Colognein the 19th-century the process was started seeking his recognition as such by the Holy Seeon the basis of a cultus immemorabilisi.

When in the sixteenth century the Scotists argued against Renaissance humanismthe term duns or dunce became, in the mouths of the Protestants, a term of abuse and a synonym for one incapable of scholarship.

Therefore, it is possible that some item possesses C without dependence on some prior item. Given that there is some extra-mental reality common to Socrates and Plato, we also need to know what it is in each of them that makes them distinct exemplifications of that extra-mental reality. Views Read Edit View history. Therefore it follows upon some other entity that determines this one, and together with the entity of the nature it makes something one per se because the whole of which this is the unity is perfect of itself.

He assures us that the last claim will be proved later in the argument. But those primo diversa are not the nature in this and the nature in that, because that by which some [things] agree formally is not the same as that by which they differ really, though the same [thing] can be distinct really and agreeing really: Intellectual appetite is aimed at objects as presented by the intellect and sense appetite at objects as presented by the senses.

For the text and translation, see Wolter [], 96— The only issue he argues against is the proposition that God cannot have determinate knowledge of the future. Though quantity is not the scktus ratio of the division of something into subjective parts, yet when a quantitative whole is divided into quantitative parts, [Note 8] it is divided per se into [parts] which are of the same ratio ; lrdinatio the principle of division into certain [parts] is the same as the principle of the distinction of those that divide; therefore, just as ordinztio itself is the principle of that division, so it is the principle of the distinction of those that divide.


For something totally devoid of form would be utterly featureless; it would be pure potentiality, but not actually anything. Either scktus entity and that one are of ordniatio same ratio or not. For when it infers that every individual in which the nature is contractible is composite by its nature, [Note 20] I say that composition can be understood properly, as it is from an actual thing and a potential thing, or less properly, as it is from reality and reality, actual and potential, in the same thing.

Scotus’s works were collected into many editions, particularly in the late fifteenth century with the advent of printing. If they are, then some entity can be abstracted from them, and this a specific entity; and concerning this it must be asked: One can see this more clearly by considering the two possible ways in which one might deny that the same concept is applied to both God and creatures. This sort of change is known, appropriately enough, as accidental change. Scotus’s point is simply that there must be some sensory context ordinatoi any act of intellectual cognition.

But whether according to the Philosopher lack of the matter that is the other part implies lack of such an individual entity will be discussed in a later question. See Wikipedia’s guide to writing orrinatio articles for suggestions.

John Duns Scotus

But in [things] conceived with matter i. Take any such proposition and call it Land call the opposite of Lnot- L.

Scotus has his own terminology for whatever it is in every respect better to be than not to be. Henry therefore concludes that if we are to have certainty, we must look to the uncreated exemplar.

Authors/Duns Scotus/Ordinatio – The Logic Museum

Whatever is in one species is one in species; therefore: Yet that division is not the first division of individuals, but this substance and that one have a division from one another and a distinction, as this and this, that is naturally prior to the distinction as they were distinct quantitative parts per accidens for it happened to them to be parts ; yet when the division is made according to quantitative parts, per accidens a division comes about according to subjective parts.


Here he argues that while many admit an infinite regress in an accidentally ordered series of causes, no philosopher admits infinite regress in an essentially ordered series. Scotus studied philosophy and then theology at Oxford beginning some time in the s. One of these is in [ Metaphysics ] VII [ a], that the generating generates another because of matter. The very next question of the Ordinatio deals with the unicity of the nature thus proved to exist.

And to the third argument he replies that if the created exemplar is such as to preclude certainty, adding extra exemplars will not solve the problem: A History of Merton College. But is it even possible for human beings to come to know God apart from revelation? Duns Scotus was back in Paris before the end ofprobably returning in May. For just as it was said elsewhere The doctrine of the univocity of being implies the denial of any real distinction between essence and existence.

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Duns Scotus – Wikipedia

The infinite is that which is not bounded by something else. He was known as “Doctor Subtilis” because of the subtle distinctions and nuances of his thinking. Then we check out the concept to see whether it is in every respect better to be good than not-good. Why does Scotus make this crucial change?

But it does not result per se from the entity of the nature, because that has a real per se unity [Note 9] of its own, as was proved in the solution to the first question. Duns Scotus died unexpectedly in Cologne in November ordniatio the date of his death is traditionally given ordinaio 8 November. Better scotks, we can describe Scofus more completely by taking all the pure perfections in the highest degree and attributing them all to him.

So like Aristotle, Aquinas holds a eudaimonistic theory of ethics: In addition, there are 46 short disputations called Collationesprobably dating from —; a work in natural theology De primo principio ; and his Quaestiones Quodlibetalesprobably dating to Advent or Lent